How Did This Dog Come to Be?
This breed was developed in Germany, with the very first puppy being born in 1984. And not long afterward, was officially recognized in 1986 by the "ACH" - Allgemeiner Club der Hundefreunde Deutschland (Germany).
The element that caused this breed to be perfected into its own class was the fact that German registrations did not accept the tri-colored Yorkie as part of the standard coloring for the dog. Note: The AKC DOES accept a tri-colored Yorkie…however the Biewer has taken on other qualities and conformation elements that now set him aside from the Yorkshire Terrier standard.
Now to clarify, the AKC accepts Yorkies of 3 colors, even though the color list only shows:
Black & Gold
Black & Tan
Blue & Gold
Blue & Tan
This is because many of these parti (2 color) dogs have an additional 3rd color as a “marking”
When a new registry was formed in Europe, the dog was given the name of Biewer Yorkshire Terrier A la Pom Pon… often now shortened to just “Biewer Yorkie” or “A la Pom Pon”.
If the tri-colored dog was allowed into the breed standard, the Biewer would not exist today. It is amazing how a simple element as this can produce a new breed!
While there are some theories that different breeds may have been used in developing this breed, one thing is very clear: The Yorkshire Terrier is strong in the bloodlines.
The main person who is credited with this off-shoot of the Yorkie also was known for breeding Shih Tzu
dogs…And because of this, many jump to the conclusion that Tzu were mixed into the bloodlines along the line. Many disagree with this theory, as the coloring would be off….With a Shih Tzu brought in, that 1st generation puppy (the offspring) would not be tri-banded (colored) unless the Yorkie also happened to carry the genes for that…and the chances are slim.
However, with this being said, the coat of the Biewer is softer, more akin to that of a Shih Tzu…and this does bring one to think about the possibility.
Another theory is that the pure white Maltese plays a role in the development of the Biewer.
The only way to put theories to rest would be to DNA test the first original Biewer Yorkshire Terrier….and it is too late for this to be done.
According to records (and in contrast to the above mentioned theories), the 2 Yorkies that are credited with producing the Biewer are a female named Darling von Friedheck and Fru-Fur von Friedheck, both champions in Europe.
Some speculate that the offspring of these 2 dogs was actually a genetic mutation, however this is strongly thought to be false. You see, mutations are rare occurrences….and after the mating of Darling and Fru-Fru, more litters were produced….And those puppies all held true to the new standard of the Biewer.
The Biewer Yorkshire Terrier is indeed produced by the pairing of 2 Yorkies that BOTH have recessive piebald genes….when passed onto the newborns
, it forms the tri-colored (banded/ belted) appearance.